With the total area of 60km², Hoi An City is located in Quang Nam Province, at the lower section of Thu Bon River, about 50km to the northeast of Tam Ky City (the capital of Quang Nam Province) and 30km to the south of Da Nang City.
The city has 13 communes, wards (9 wards, 3 mainland communes and 1 island commune). Tan Hiep Island Commune has the area of 15km2, includes 7 islands, of which the largest ones is Cham Island (Cu Lao Cham).
The population of Hoi An City is about 88,933 habitants (2009). Mostly of which are Viet (Kinh) and Hoa (Chinese) groups.
Hoi An City is located in the region of tropical monsoon climate. Hoi An’s annual average temperature is 25oC, air humidity is 82%, rainfall reaches up to 2,066mm.
From the 16th to 19th century, Hoi An used to be an international trade center on the East – West commercial itinerary and also the busiest trading port in Dang Trong (the South region of Viet Nam). Merchant ships from Japan, China, Portugal, Spain, Netherlands… often stopped here to exchange and purchase commodities.
In the progresses of establishment and development, Hoi An was known with many difference names as Faifo, Haisfo, Hoai pho, Ketchem, Cotam… Archeological and architectural relics prove that Hoi An was an important meeting place of many cultures, such as Champa, Viet Nam, Japan and China…
Until now, a complex of ancient architecture relics in Hoi An has been preserved mostly intact, including many old houses, assembly halls, temples, pagodas, wells, bridges, churches, ports, markets, roads… with mossy ancient color. According to statistics, the relics in Hoi An are classified into 11 categories, including 1,068 ancient houses, 19 pagodas, 43 temples, 23 communal houses, 38 family worship houses, 5 assembly halls, 11 ancient wells, 1 bridge, 44 ancient tombs… The existence of Hoi An Ancient City is the only case in Viet Nam and also rare in the world. Hoi An is considered as a living museum of architecture and urban lifestyle.
Besides diverse architectures, Hoi An also keep quite grandiose intangible culture values. Daily life of the locals with customs, religious activities, folk art, festivals, traditional craft villages, and specialty dishes… have been preserved and promoted.
Hoi An also has 7km-coastline that is favorable for tourism development, of which Cua Dai Beach is one of the nicest and cleanest beaches in Viet Nam.
In December 1999, Hoi An Ancient City was recognized as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.
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