On November 7, 2003, UNESCO bestowed world heritage status on 28 relics of nations as masterpieces of oral and intangible heritage of humanity. Among the 11 masterpieces of Asia, nha nhac represents the first intangible legacy of Vietnam to have been put on this list.
Nha nhac and its principles came to Vietnam under the Ho Dynasty (1400-1407). The Ho Dynasty, however, only existed for a short time, so nha nhac rapidly fell into oblivion. In 1427, Le Loi defeated the Chinese Ming invaders and liberated the country. However, nha nhac only began to develop in the reign of King Le Thanh Tong (1460-1497) and reached its peak under the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945).
Nha Nhac means “elegant music”. It refers to a broad range of musical and dance styles performed at the Vietnamese royal court from the fifteenth to the mid-twentieth century i. e. from the Tran dynasty of the 13th century to the Nguyễn dynasty, which ended in the early 20th century. It was performed by highly trained and skilled court musicians. Besides musicians, dancers also make this form of music a highlight of the Vietnamese courts. All the performers wore elaborately designed costumes during their performances. To enjoy nha nhac, let’s book vietnam open tour, you will be really attracted by “Nha Nhac” artists.
Instruments commonly used for nha nhac include conical oboe, pear-shaped lute with four strings,moon-shaped two-string lute, fretless lute with snakeskin-covered body and three strings, two-stringed vertical fiddle, a bamboo transverse flute, drum played with sticks, and other percussion instruments.
The different genres of this heritage include worshiping ritual music, court ritual music, court dances, chamber music and opera (royal classical opera – tuong).